analysis of total factor productivity in Nepalese agriculture by Arun Kumar Lal Das

Cover of: analysis of total factor productivity in Nepalese agriculture | Arun Kumar Lal Das

Published by Centre for Economic Development & Administration, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur in Kathmandu, Nepal .

Written in English

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Places:

  • Nepal

Subjects:

  • Agricultural productivity -- Nepal -- Statistics.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Arun Kumar Lal Das.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHD2065.9 .D37 1982
The Physical Object
Pagination69, [50] p. ;
Number of Pages69
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2830490M
LC Control Number83906320

Download analysis of total factor productivity in Nepalese agriculture

Downloadable. Agricultural transformation is a transition process of agriculture from the low development stage to the high development stage. Identifying the agricultural transformation stage and analyzing the evolution of agricultural development types based on Total Factor Productivity (TFP) are of great significance for the rational formulation of agricultural development policies.

1. Introduction. Since the seminal work of Solow (), Total Factor Productivity (TFP) has been regarded to play a major role in generating and predicting is defined as the portion of output not explained by the amount of inputs used in production.

Its value represents how efficiently and intensely the inputs are utilized in by: 6. Increasing food prices have renewed concerns about long-term agricultural demand and supply in the global economy. This book looks at results, methods, and data on international agricultural productivity for a better understanding of long-run trends and the policies that determine them.

By presenting an international assessment of total factor productivity growth in agriculture, including up.

Productivity growth in agriculture is essential for the development of the sector. This paper has reviewed the developments in agricultural productivity related to the South Asian countries, namely Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

The TFP growth and its contribution in production growth have been summarised for South Asia over the past three by: agricultural growth and total factor productivity Agriculture - world-wide - is a vital determinant of the livelihoods of small-holder farmers and rural communities.

Agricultural growth - throughout global history - has been the pro-genitor of broad-based economic growth and development, as linkages between farm- and non-farm economies.

This book documents frontier knowledge on the drivers of agriculture productivity to derive pragmatic policy advice for governments and development partners on reducing poverty and boosting shared prosperity. The analysis describes global trends and long-term sources of total factor productivity growth, along with broad trends in partial factor.

Measurement of Total Factor Productivity in Agriculture: Study on a Panel of Mediterranean Countries () DOUMI Ali * Mohammed V Rabat University–Morocco Abstract In this article we explore the evolution of production Total Factor Productivity (TFP) in the agricultural sector of ten Mediterranean countries.

current status of agricultural productivity measurement and analysis. The focus of the report is on changes in total factor productivity (TFP). Section 2 provides a brief overview of the main concepts and methods used in this report to analyze TFP change.

Proper measures of TFP change (i.e., ones that are consistent with measurement theory) can be. As poverty in Nepal is highly correlated with the quantity of the land holding and its productivity (Devkota et al. ), improvements in agricultural productivity could help alleviate poverty.

The simplified structure makes it possible to make use of data on productivity growth in a way not possible in more complex models, and to investigate the role of long term drivers of productivity growth, in particular research spending. It also facilitates a focus on key macro-economic drivers of agricultural market developments.

Total factor productivity in agriculture is estimated to have grown by an average of percent annually between and for Africa as a whole Agriculture and Trade Analysis Division, Economic Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC.

In Nepal, the economy is dominated by the late s, it was the livelihood for more than 90% of the population, although only approximately 20% of the total land area was cultivable, it accounted for, on average, about 60% of the GDP and approximately 75% of exports.

Since the formulation of the Fifth Five-Year Plan (–80), agriculture has been the highest priority because. In economics, total-factor productivity (TFP), also called multi-factor productivity, is usually measured as the ratio of aggregate output (e.g., GDP) to aggregate inputs.

Under some simplifications about the production technology, growth in TFP becomes the portion of growth in output not explained by growth in traditionally measured inputs of labour and capital used in production.

To measure the efficiency of agricultural systems, we use total factor productivity (TFP). TFP is an indicator of how efficiently agricultural land, labor, capital, and materials (agricultural inputs) are used to produce a country’s crops and livestock (agricultural output)—it is calculated as the ratio of total agricultural output to total.

Total Factor Productivity (TFP) growth in agriculture assesses the contribution of knowledge and efficiency towards raising agricultural production. For a comprehensive study of growth of the agriculture sector, TFP analyses should include the allied. Key words: Agricultural economics, Agricultural productivity, Production function, Productivity measurement, Total factor productivity.

An analysis of measurements and empirical inferences pertaining to Productivity in general and agricultural productivity in particular has certain critical dimensions ranging from conceptual and methodological. Total Factor Productivity Toolbox is a new set of functions to calculate the main Total Factor Productivity (TFP) indices and their decompositions, based on Shephard’s distance functions, and using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) programming techniques.

The package includes code for the standard Malmquist, Moorsteen–Bjurek, price-weighted and share-weighted TFP indices, allowing. We analyze the evolution of Sub-Saharan Africa’s (SSA’s) agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) over the past 45 years, looking for evidence of recent changes in growth patterns using an improved nonparametric Malmquist index.

The paper uses Hicks-Moorsteen TFP indicator to measure the changes of total factor productivity in China’s commercial banks from to on the basis of big data in BankScope database. By analyzing the sample data and total factor productivity, the paper finds out in-depth motives of the dynamic changes of TFP.

At present, domestic commercial banks are at the stage of deepening reforms. Total Factor Productivity Growth in Indonesian Manufacturing: A Stochastic Frontier Approach. Global Economic Review: Vol.

36, Manufacturing Sector Productivity. Analysis of productivity growth in agriculture J. Agric. Res.,48(1) 95 data-set used (26).2 Khan (26) computed TFP for the agriculture sector for a period and observed that TFP grew at an average annual rate of percent.

Ali and Byerlee (5) concluded that aggregated TFP increased at. Measuring Output, Input and Total Factor Productivity in Australian Agriculture: An Industry-Level Analysis.

Kevin Fox (), Yu Sheng, Tom Jackson, Shiji Zhao and Dandan Zhang. Review of Income and Wealth,vol. 63, SS Date: References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS.

This chapter measures the total factor productivity (TFP) of Thai agriculture and examines its determinants using data for the period The findings show that TFP made an important contribution to both crop and livestock output growth during the study period, but has stagnated or regressed since the mids.

The paper further refines the OECD framework for measuring the environmentally adjusted multifactor productivity growth that seeks to incorporate environmental services in productivity analysis. Compared to standard productivity measurement, this framework allows accounting also for the use of natural capital (currently including 14 types of.

The purpose of the paper is to present the results of a comparative analysis of two main-line productivity measurement procedures: the American Productivity Center's total factor model, and the Ethyl Corporation's “Profitability = Productivity + Price Recovery” model.

Improvements in agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) are not only important for the viability of the agricultural sector, but are are a fundamental precondition for sustainable economic growth.

TFP, also known as multi-factor productivity, is a measure of the increase in outputs not accounted for by growth in production inputs.

Total Factor Productivity (TFP) Indices (i) Review of Studies Empirical studies using TFP indices measure changes in agricultural productivity over time or across countries.

• Review focused on a number of studies published in two recent books: Alston et al. () and Fuglie et al. Only a few studies account (indirectly) for water. Sustainable Productivity Growth in Agriculture: Trends and Policy Performance Highlights • Agricultural productivity is growing strongly worldwide, although levels and pace differ across countries, regions and commodity sectors.

• Sustainability performance has improved on average in OECD countries. The observed Total Factor Productivity. This chapter analyses the pattern of structural transformation in the Nepalese economy and its implications for the agriculture sector and provides policy directions for the future.

The chapter highlights the critical role of research, extension and infrastructure to ensure sustainable agricultural growth in Nepal.

The study assessed agricultural sustainability in South Asia (i.e., Bangladesh, Pakistan, India and Nepal) by computing multi-lateral multi-temporal Total Factor Productivity (TFP) indices and.

Total factor productivity in agriculture is showing rapid growth at the global level led by improved performance in China and Brazil, although the global rate of growth in harvested yield for major grains and oilseeds has slowed.

Agricultural productivity growth may be slowing in some countries and regions and remains very low in food-insecure Sub-Saharan Africa. Subsistence nature and lower productivity are its major characteristics.

Agriculture sector has been given due priority by all the economic plans; still expected outcome has not been seen. The following factors are responsible for our agricultural backwardness. Traditional farming: Nepalese agriculture used traditional methods of farming.

This book is the third volume of the World Bank Productivity Project. Productivity Revisited: Shifting Paradigms in Analysis and Policy The stagnation of productivity across the globe over the last two decades dictates a rethinking of productivity measurement, analysis, and policy.

A farm-level yield gap analysis is complemented by an analysis of total factor productivity (TFP) growth between and to better understand the role of research and innovation. Results suggest that there is considerable potential for improved growing practices to achieve better yields, but also education levels and technical support.

To respond to the adverse impact of climate change on agricultural total factor productivity, the question of how to adopt actively appropriate strategies is particularly critical for the stakeholders.

However, the previous researchers have paid more attention to investigating the measure methods, regional differences, and determinants of Chinese agricultural total factor productivity, but the. Table 1 Annual Growth Rates in Partial Factor Productivity (Yield per Hectare), Rice and Wheat Annual Growth Rate, by Period (%) India Rice Wheat Pakistan Rice Wheat Table 2 Annual Rates of Growth in Total Factor Productivity in the.

agricultural productivity and efficiency literature with regard to the Main methods surveyed: Single-Factor Productivity Measures - Total Factor Productivity (TFP) Indices - Frontier Models - Deductive Methods.

Productivity: General Considerations 1. Single-Factor Productivity Measures books: Alston et al. () and Fuglie et al. The results indicate that total factor productivity increased at an average rate of percent, accounting for 59 percent of overall growth.

Most of the remaining gains stem from large inflows of fixed capital into agriculture. The results also suggest possible constraints to fertilizer use.

Project Methods Use of index, statistical and mathematical linear programming approaches to estimate total factor productivity or productivity. An increase in total factor productivity or productivity, defined as an increase in output obtained from a given set of inputs, has been identified as the major source of economic growth leading to welfare improvement of the economy.

Bardham, P.K. “ Size, Productivity and Returns to Scale: An Analysis of Farm Level Data in Indian Agriculture.” Journal of Political Economy 18 (): – Battese, G.E. “ Frontier Production Functions and Technical Efficiency: A Survey of Empirical Applications in Agricultural.

Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 40,1(April ) II Of Southern Agricultural Economics Association Decomposition of Total Factor Productivity Change in the U.S. Hog Industry Nigel Key, William McBride, and Roberto Mosheim The U.S. hog industry has experienced dramatic structural changes and rapid increases in.

Explaining Total Factor Productivity Change in U.S. Agriculture: An Examination of Components Despite consistent growth in U.S. agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) over the last century, evidence of a recent slowdown in productivity growth has been documented (James et .The analysis describes global trends and long-term sources of total factor productivity growth, along with broad trends in partial factor productivity for land and labor, revisiting the question of scale economies in farming.

Technology is central to growth in agricultural productivity, yet across many parts of the developing world, readily.

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