Shape-up and hiring hall a comparison of hiring methods and labor relations on the New York and Seattle waterfronts. by Charles P. Larrowe

Cover of: Shape-up and hiring hall | Charles P. Larrowe

Published by University of California Press in Berkeley .

Written in English

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  • Stevedores -- New York (State) -- New York.,
  • Stevedores -- Washington (State) -- Seattle.,
  • Hiring halls.

Book details

LC ClassificationsHD8039.L82 U654
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 250 p.
Number of Pages250
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17760823M

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Shape-up and hiring hall. Berkeley, University of California Press, (OCoLC) Online version: Larrowe, Charles P. Shape-up and hiring hall. Berkeley, University of California Press, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors /.

Get this from a library. Shape-up and hiring hall: a comparison of hiring methods and labor relations on the New York and Seattle waterfronts. [Charles P Larrowe]. Note newspaper headline about Hiring Hall winning permanence from arbitrator's decision.

Image: Bits Hayden, from "The Big Strike" The central demand of the long and bitter West Coast longshore strike of focused upon the "shape-up" -- the practice of hiring men from amongst those who showed up each morning at one or another of the pier heads.

The ship owners’ association had established the “shape up” hiring hall-where it took a bottle of whiskey or a dollar bill to secure a job-as a way to break union power. Correcting the injustices of the shape-up system, the hiring hall became a means for the union to exert control at the source of labor, with the ILWU dispatching its longshoremen to the docks.

The Fink Hall Era and the ILA in the s. With the failure of the strike, the fink hall gained a much stronger, although not totally secure, foothold in Seattle. The waterfront employers banded together and amalgamated their separate hiring halls into a single employment office, which would register and dispatch all Seattle longshoremen.

The systems of hiring on the waterfront like the fink hall and the shape up made longshoring a tenuous livelihood, and would come to symbolize the blatant corruption and disregard for workers’ well being that existed before the strike and the formation of the ILWU.

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The issues included wages and hours: the longshoremen wanted $1 an hour, the six hour day and the thirty hour week. They wanted union representation. But above all they demanded the abolition of the hated shape-up and its replacement with a union hiring hall. The strike would last 83 days.

Longshoremen: Community and hiring hall human ideology industry informal community informal level informal resistance Jurgen Habermas liberation Lippy longer longshore Louis Althusser Marx Marxists means men's needs neighborhood organization partial strike participation pier play political port postindustrial society potential production.

a luncheonette two blocks away from the hiring hall. They drink coffee and munch on buttered rolls, read the Daily News, and talk sports and politics until the windows open at the hiring hall at A.M. when they can badge-in. They continue socializing until the shape-up.

Cite this Shape-up and hiring hall book as: The Hilo Massacre: Hawaii's Bloody Monday, August 1st, (Honolulu: University of Hawaii, Center for Labor Education & Research, ). It was first published in on the year memorial of the Hilo Massacre.

At that time the Center for Labor Education & Research was part of the College of Continuing Education and Community Service at the University of Hawai'i.

Excerpt. It was difficult to decide on an appropriate breaking-off point for the book. At the time of writing, conditions on the New York waterfront were still highly fluid, with dramatic new developments occurring almost every week, while West Coast labor-management relations and the status of the hiring hall had been stable since Wages and working conditions were improved, the agreement established coast-wide bargaining and a joint employer and union hiring hall that would end the shape-up system.

Harry Bridges was rewarded for his leadership of the strike by being elected president of the San Francisco local in and then president of the Pacific Coast District of. ILWU Local 19 Seattle Washington While the union was chalking up a victory against the old shape-up, kick back hiring procedures and establishing a rotary dispatching and hiring hall for longshoremen on the west coast, gaining pensions and medical coverage not only for themselves but, for their families.

Read more about Shape-up and hiring hall; a comparison of hiring methods and labor relations on the New York and Seattle water fronts Log in to post comments Labor in. "Tyler & Friends Shape Up". A book about a diverse group of children who are concerned about their friend who is challenged with obesity and self-esteem issues.

The book is dedicated to children all over the world who struggle with diet, exercise and weight. The unions went on strike in May of for a six-hour day and a hiring hall, which would mean the end of the "shape up." All through May and June there were clashes between the. One of the substantial victories of the Bay Area strike was the replacement of the shape-up system­—the informal hustle for day labor work—with a union-operated hiring hall Author: Shaun Richman.

48 See the still important survey by Larrowe, Charles P., Shape-Up and Hiring Hall. A Comparison of Hiring Methods and Labor Relations on the New York and Seattle Waterfronts (Berkeley and Los Angeles, ); for a summary for the United States, see Montgomery, David, The Fall of the House of by: 3.

Shape-up and hiring hall; a comparison of hiring methods and labor relations on the New York and Seattle water fronts Author: Larrowe, Charles P. Published: () United States Army, th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment collection   The book describes the importance of the “the steady man,” the “hiring hall,” and the “shape up,” which is depicted in Eliz Kazan’s classic, On the Waterfront that portrays a world that no longer exists.

Cole describes the “surge” in west Coast and Bay Area. On the Waterfront: The Pulitzer Prize-Winning Articles That Inspired the Classic Film andTransformed the New York Harbor User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict.

In late and earlythe New York Sun ran a series of 33 articles by Johnson documenting organized crime's control of the New York and New Jersey wharves. if you really really want a 15 book, the way around it is you have to get hired by a company for 90 days and then you automatically get membership, (no apprenticeship / top pay from the first day), but you have to know what your doing, so when you get laid off from the first local 15 company that hired you and go to the hall to shape up, and a.

Speedup continued, and the notorious “shape up” system of casual on-site hiring was introduced. Afteronly holders of the blue book could get jobs, and the WEA had the power to replace. The shape-up for longshore hiring back then was right there at the Ferry Building, on the block between Market and Mission Streets.

The streetcars used to turn around there. On the other side of Market, right on the corner there where that viaduct went over, there was another part of the shape-up.

The same author's Shape-Up and Hiring Hall () is the best scholarly treatment of labor on the West Coast waterfront. Irving Bernstein, Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, () includes a fine brief sketch of Bridges. The Warehouse Industry.

The new kind of unionism born of the maritime strike was not confined to the docks. The warehouse workers, with their close ties to the waterfront that in the early days of the union came from working near the docks and handling cargo brought on and off the ships by longshoremen, also helped build the ILWU and they too shared in its achievements.

Federal arbitrators decided most issues in favor of the Longshoremen, including an end to the "shape-up" where men waited at docks every day to be picked for work.

The union and the shipping companies began to run a hiring hall jointly where all union members had equal opportunities for work. Longshoremen won a coast-wide agreement, a union hiring hall, shorter hours, safer conditions, and increased pay.

Union organizing in all sectors blossomed throughout the country. Despite the success of the ’34 strike, employers -flush with cash and bolstered by the US Government took on Harry Bridges time and time again.

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As part of defending itself and its members, the union—not the Waterfront Commission—must control hiring.

Job allocation should be done through one union hiring hall. On the West Coast, longshore workers won the hiring hall through the strike, which smashed the old “shape-up.

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by Edelmann, Shape-up and hiring hall; a comparison of hiring methods and labor relations on the. Raising his booming voice, he fought the shape-up method of hiring in which men competed for too few jobs. Gangsters routinely exacted kickbacks in return for. In addition to coast-wide union recognition and a hour work week, a dispatcher-run hiring hall was established, which finally ended the hated shape-up.

The San Francisco General Strike was a pivotal moment in the city’s history, inspiring a wave of labor organizing that dramatically increased the city’s union membership by the end. issued a demand that the shape up be abolished and replaced by a union-controlled hiring hall.

If the demand was not accepted within two weeks, the San Francisco longshoremen would strike. €€€In response, the Blue Book WEA made a vague offer to cooperate with the ILA and open a dispatching hall under unspecified control.

When the. trolled hiring hall that would end the shape-up. They rallied workers all over the country, and when two members were shot down in cold blood by the San Francisco police and the national guard was called in, they had a funeral march of 80, working people. This was followed by the General Strike.

Their actions forced the. The arbitrator gave the ILA effective control over hiring, ending the shape-up, along with a 95 cent an hour pay increase, which was pretty huge for Harry Bridges became the most powerful labor leader on the West Coast and enemy #1 for capitalists.

The International Longshoremen's Association (ILA) is a labor union representing longshore workers along the East Coast of the United States and Canada, the Gulf Coast, the Great Lakes, Puerto Rico, and inland ILA has approximately Affiliation: AFL-CIO, CLC, ITF.

Temp agency workers in New Jersey's logistics hub: The case for a union hiring hall. Shape-Up and Hiring Hall: A Comparison of Hiring Methods on the New York and Seattle Waterfronts.Since at least the mids, shape-up sites in New Y ork and other Northeast ports provided a system of hiring dockworkers for the day or half-day (minimum of 4 h) by seemingly arbitrary Author: Abel Valenzuela.governor' attacking the hiring hall.

The New York crime commission, which had been created by Gov-ernor Dewey, denounced the shape-up and urged the creation of a joint union-shipper hiring hall as a solution. The tendentious Buhle-Wagner review con-cludes with a denunciation of On the Waterfront as an 'unapologetically anti-union' film.


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